Your browser needs Javascript support for this feature. Museu D. Diogo de Sousa - Pre and Protohistory
23 November 2017
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Pre and Protohistory

In this room you can find vestiges from Man’s first occupation of the region around 250,000 ago, to objects from the 1st century A.D. when it was completely integrated into the Roman Empire.

When you come to the museum we suggest you read the room texts and observe:
- The diversity of raw materials used by Man throughout this period to make the objects necessary for his daily life.
- The evolution in technology used to make these objects, starting from carved stones and ending with metal artefacts.

For a short time we advise you to concentrate on the history behind the objects to understand what they tell us about the strategies used for the exploitation of raw materials and their connection with the survival, technological development and social-economic evolution of the communities.

    The first vestiges of human presence in the coastal region of the Minho date from around 250,000 years ago (Pleistocene Medium Final), at a time when the European continent witnessed the appearance of the first forms of Neanderthal Man.

    The archaeological investigations carried out in the mountainous regions of medium height in the interior of Minho, especially in the Serra da Cabreira, led to the recognition of areas of human occupation during the Mesolithic and Ancient Neolithic periods.

  • Neolithic vessel, two polished stone axeheads and gougeTHE EARLY FARMERS AND SHEPHERDS OF NORTH-WEST PORTUGAL
    While the actual neolithic habitation sites are not well known we do know that communities tended to settle in open and naturally protected areas.
    From the 5th millennium on and throughout a good part of the 4th Neolithic people built the first funerary and ritual monumental architecture: dolmens and menhirs supposedly connected with astral cosmology or fertility worship.

  • Domestic and ritual objects from the Calcolithic periodFrom the Calcolithic period on (end of the 4th to the 3th quarter of the 3th millennia), alterations in the relationship between man and his environment took place. Human occupation in open and sheltered places became rather frequent. These habitations were built with perishable materials such as wood, branches, clay and gravel.

  • Rupestral art from Vilar de Perdizes, MontalegreThe regions of Galicia in Spain and Northern Portugal are very rich in examples of rupestral art especially carvings in stone in open spaces. Specialists categorize these artistic manifestations into two large groups known as “Galician-Portuguese petroglifos”.

  • The Bronze Age in North-west Portugal developed between the end of the 3rd and middle of the 2nd millennium BC.

  • PotsBroadly speaking, the Iron Age occurred during the 1st millennium BC when communities lived in fortified villages, known as castros that were situated along the basins of the main rivers.
    The Iron Age is associated with an intensive and growing exploitation of fertile lands, an extensive control of the natural resources and with a technological development visible in the stonework, ceramics and bronze and iron metallurgy.
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