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Bracara Augusta - Roads, Dead and Religion

In this last space of the exhibition three great topics are dealt with – the roads which connected Bracara Augusta to the other cities of the roman Empire, the distribution of the necropolises in the city and the testimonies of the relationship between its inhabitants and their various divinities.
In Roman times, the space given for the dead was outside the town or the world of the living. The graveyards were normally near the roads outside the towns.
Some of the objects found in tombs are associated to funerary epigraphies. The analyses of these materials are very interesting for the understanding of the social organization of the town.
Of the relationship between men and the divinities there are epigraphic vestiges of great meaning and elaborated aesthetical expression.
Finally, you can also find here remnants associated with the paleochristian period, namely the sarcophagus of S.Martinho de Dume (replica).

  • The state roads that linked Bracara Augusta to the most important cities of the Roman Empire are referred to in a document from the 3rd century known as the Antoninus Itinerary.

  • From an archaeological viewpoint necropolises are very important to date the vestiges and to analyse the social distribution of the population in the city. Besides these aspects, funerary epigraphy provides information about anthroponomy, the origin and the social status of the dead.

  • Evidence of the relationiship between the inhabitants of Bracara Augusta and the sacred world can be seen in the offering (ex votos) of the inscriptions carved in the granite of the region.

  • The 5th, 6th and the 7th centuries were dominated by the Suevi–visigoth Kingdom and they are an important contribution to the understanding of the birth of the high-medieval Crhistian Kingdoms in the North-West Peninsular.

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